CLAT PG 2020 Previous Question Paper – Passage 8

This series of articles contains the complete CLAT PG 2020 question paper, conducted for the LLM admissions through the CLAT 2020 exam. In 2020, the pattern of the question paper was changed from the traditional MCQs to a ‘Comprehension based’ model. Each article in this series has one passage and the ten questions following it.

This article contains Passage 8 and the associated questions. The video embedded below discusses the answers as per the official key and the approach that can be used for such questions.

The answers to all the questions, for all the passages in the CLAT PG question paper are discussed in our YouTube video series at : https://www.youtube.com/lawmint

To make use of this question paper :
(1) The links to the complete series of articles is given below
(2) Read the passages and questions that follow
(3) Open our YouTube channel in another window or on your mobile phone (The video covering this specific passage is also embedded below.)
(4) Go through the series of videos where the answers to all the questions are discussed

The original plan by the CLAT Consortium was to have 10 passages, with 10 questions per passage and a subjective part. However, the subjective part was dropped and the number of passages was increased.

The CLAT PG 2020 exam had 12 passages, 120 questions – to be answered in 120 minutes. Click on the links below for the individual passages and the questions associated with the passage.

CLAT PG 2022 - Comprehension Mock Tests Series & Previous Question Papers

  • Updated as per latest pattern notified on 14th June 2021
  • Overall there are 185+ comprehension passages - with 1600+ questions based on the passages
    - Of the above, 65 passages are provided as stand-alone mini mock tests
    - 120 passages are combined to form 10 full-length mock tests - 12 passages and 120 questions each
    - New Pattern 2020 & 2021 Previous Question papers with official answer keys included as mock test
    - All answers include the 'rationale' for the answers for better understanding.
  • The order of the questions and the answer choices are shuffled with every attempt to enable repeated practice
  • All the stand-alone passages & full length mocks should be repeated till you score 100% on each attempt
  • The passages are of various lengths and complexities for better practice
  • Summarized overview of Important Jurisprudence topics
  • Overview of all Constitutional Amendments
  • Unlimited access & practice - valid for one year from date of purchase

Also included in the pack : (Useful for non-CLAT LLM entrance exams) :
  • 11 CLAT PG previous year Papers with answer keys - 2009 to 2019 (as mock tests)
  • 50 full-length old MCQ format mock tests
  • 50 old pattern MCQ mini-mock tests (25 questions each)
  • All Tests & Previous Papers are timed and have Negative marking for realistic simulation
  • Questions & Answer Choices randomly shuffled in every attempt for better practice
  • Accessible 24 x 7 via Smart-Phone browsers and Desktops
  • More the 100 LawMint users were selected by various NLUs in 2020 - Including NLSIU, NALSAR
  • Our users were also selected for the IIT KGP LLM, NLU Delhi (AILET PG) & DU LLM programs
CLAT PG 2021 Mock Test Series and Previous Question Papers

Authentic Feedback from previous LawMint users :

I got AIR 21 in CLAT PG 2020. Thank you so much. Your mocks helped me a lot in my preparation 🙂 - Ayushi Jain

I have subscribed to your CLAT PG program and got AIR 36 in this year CLAT PG. I have also secured AIR 54 in AILET PG exam. I would like to thank you. Your mock paper really helps a lot - Shrashank Tripathi

I would like to thank you for the CLAT PG LLM COURSE. Practising mock tests there helped me in getting confidence and hence I was able to get AIR 45 in CLAT PG LLM 2020 - Akshay Awasthi

A year back, I relied on the IIT Kharagpur RGSOIPL mock test series by LawMint to prepare for my RGSOIPL entrance test. Few months back, I relied on your UGC NET Law series to prepare for UGC NET June 2020. I was the topper of the RGSOIPL entrance 2019, and have cracked JRF in UGC NET 2020. All thanks to LawMint - Anshuman Sahoo

"I got AIR 18 in CLAT PG 2019 and General Category rank 28 in AILET PG 2019. I want to thank you for helping me practice well in controlled conditions from any place. It gave me a lot of confidence and I took the tests while travelling too. I also made it to IIT Kharagpur." - Vinodharani

"Lawmint has been of great help to me in securing AIR 25 in AILET PG 2019 and AIR 29 in CLAT PG 2019 examinations. The subjective and objective approach of the test series kept me up to date with the latest exam pattern." - Bhawna Nanda

"I, Nimmy Saira Zachariah joined you clat test series. I cleared AILET PG with 30th rank. Your test series were of immense help as it gave me clear idea of where my preparations stand thank you once again law mint." - Nimmy S Z

"Hey guys. Where do I start? If I thought that getting AIR 59 in Clat PG was it, then how wrong I was. With Lawmint now I have cracked UGC NET as well." - Joyanta Chakraborty

CLAT PG Comprehension Passage 8

Read the following passage carefully and then answer the accompanying questions employing the concepts provided in the passage:

According to Hohfeld, legal relationships can exist only between two legal persons and one thing. One of the two persons always has a legal advantage (that’s the right) over the other. The other person has the corresponding legal disadvantage. … For example employer – employee. The basic building block of legal rights is liberty. It allows one person to do exactly as she pleases with no duty to do otherwise. … But … the important thing about a liberty: No one is required to respect it. It is merely a “permission without a protection”. … For example, I can enjoy the view of my neighbour’s garden but he is not under a duty to protect my view and can screen it off.

A “claim” entitles one person to limit the liberty of another, who then has a duty either to act or not to act in certain ways toward the claimant. For example, a child’s claim to maintenance from parents places a duty on parents to provide maintenance. In personam claims can be made against a definite number of persons whilst in rem claims are available against every person in the world. .An immunity disables one person from interfering with the liberty of another.. .Claims tell us what we should not do. Immunities tell us what we cannot do. … For example, a public official cannot be prosecuted without special permission. A “power” is an ability that the law gives a person to (realise) her own legal rights or the rights of someone else (for example the power to sue). Its correlate, the liability carries the sense of exposure to having one’s legal status changed. For example, only a person with locus in a case can file a litigation to press his claims.

[Adapted from Steven Wise, Rattling the Cage Towards Legal Rights of Animals) ( 2000)]

71. The boundary wall surrounding A’s property was broken which caused a number of villagers to cross through his property to reach the adjoining market. A repaired the wall and stopped the villagers. What was the nature of legal relationship?
a) Liberty-no right
b) Claim-duty
c) Immunity-disability
d) Power-liability

72. ‘A’ does not repair the boundary wall for more than twenty-five years and does not stop the villagers from crossing his property. Now the villagers have:
a) An immunity
b) A claim
c) A power
d) A liberty

73. After changing her religion, an adult medical student Bareta got married to a man of her choice. The medical student’s right to marry was:
a) A claim
b) A liberty
c) A power
d) A liability

74. The situation for Bareta would change if she were a minor. Her minority would impact on her:
a) Claim
b) Liberty
c) Power
d) Immunity

75. Article 21 of the Constitution of India lays down that no person can be denied life and liberty except according to procedure established by law. By reason of this article, the State cannot deny liberty through executive order. What does the Article impose on the State?
a) Duty
b) Liability
c) Disability
d) No Right

76. A person can be taken into custody only if there is a legislation specifying a procedure which allows the deprivation of liberty. This protection from wrongful arrest granted to people is:
a) An immunity
b) A liberty
c) A disability
d) A power

77. The Civil Procedure Code lays down the conditions that have to be fulfilled before a Plaint can be filed or defended. These conditions impact on the individual’s:
a) Claim
b) Power
c) Disability
d) Liability

78. As a rule, only States can move international institutions for the enforcement of their rights. Special requirements have to be fulfilled before individuals can move international institutions. These requirements impact on the of individuals to obtain their rights.
a) liberty
b) power
c) claim
d) immunity

79. When A enters into a contract with B, then the rights A has under the contract are:
a) In personam
b) In rem
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of the above

80. Recognition of the Right to Privacy by the Indian Supreme Court has:
a) Converted a liberty into a claim right.
b) Placed a duty on the State to protect the right
c) Prevented tate from undertaking any activity which intruded on the privacy of the people
d) All of the above

CLAT PG 2022 - Comprehension Mock Tests Series & Previous Question Papers

  • Updated as per latest pattern notified on 14th June 2021
  • Overall there are 185+ comprehension passages - with 1600+ questions based on the passages
    - Of the above, 65 passages are provided as stand-alone mini mock tests
    - 120 passages are combined to form 10 full-length mock tests - 12 passages and 120 questions each
    - New Pattern 2020 & 2021 Previous Question papers with official answer keys included as mock test
    - All answers include the 'rationale' for the answers for better understanding.
  • The order of the questions and the answer choices are shuffled with every attempt to enable repeated practice
  • All the stand-alone passages & full length mocks should be repeated till you score 100% on each attempt
  • The passages are of various lengths and complexities for better practice
  • Summarized overview of Important Jurisprudence topics
  • Overview of all Constitutional Amendments
  • Unlimited access & practice - valid for one year from date of purchase

Also included in the pack : (Useful for non-CLAT LLM entrance exams) :
  • 11 CLAT PG previous year Papers with answer keys - 2009 to 2019 (as mock tests)
  • 50 full-length old MCQ format mock tests
  • 50 old pattern MCQ mini-mock tests (25 questions each)
  • All Tests & Previous Papers are timed and have Negative marking for realistic simulation
  • Questions & Answer Choices randomly shuffled in every attempt for better practice
  • Accessible 24 x 7 via Smart-Phone browsers and Desktops
  • More the 100 LawMint users were selected by various NLUs in 2020 - Including NLSIU, NALSAR
  • Our users were also selected for the IIT KGP LLM, NLU Delhi (AILET PG) & DU LLM programs
CLAT PG 2021 Mock Test Series and Previous Question Papers

Authentic Feedback from previous LawMint users :

I got AIR 21 in CLAT PG 2020. Thank you so much. Your mocks helped me a lot in my preparation 🙂 - Ayushi Jain

I have subscribed to your CLAT PG program and got AIR 36 in this year CLAT PG. I have also secured AIR 54 in AILET PG exam. I would like to thank you. Your mock paper really helps a lot - Shrashank Tripathi

I would like to thank you for the CLAT PG LLM COURSE. Practising mock tests there helped me in getting confidence and hence I was able to get AIR 45 in CLAT PG LLM 2020 - Akshay Awasthi

A year back, I relied on the IIT Kharagpur RGSOIPL mock test series by LawMint to prepare for my RGSOIPL entrance test. Few months back, I relied on your UGC NET Law series to prepare for UGC NET June 2020. I was the topper of the RGSOIPL entrance 2019, and have cracked JRF in UGC NET 2020. All thanks to LawMint - Anshuman Sahoo

"I got AIR 18 in CLAT PG 2019 and General Category rank 28 in AILET PG 2019. I want to thank you for helping me practice well in controlled conditions from any place. It gave me a lot of confidence and I took the tests while travelling too. I also made it to IIT Kharagpur." - Vinodharani

"Lawmint has been of great help to me in securing AIR 25 in AILET PG 2019 and AIR 29 in CLAT PG 2019 examinations. The subjective and objective approach of the test series kept me up to date with the latest exam pattern." - Bhawna Nanda

"I, Nimmy Saira Zachariah joined you clat test series. I cleared AILET PG with 30th rank. Your test series were of immense help as it gave me clear idea of where my preparations stand thank you once again law mint." - Nimmy S Z

"Hey guys. Where do I start? If I thought that getting AIR 59 in Clat PG was it, then how wrong I was. With Lawmint now I have cracked UGC NET as well." - Joyanta Chakraborty
CLAT PG 2020 Comprehension passage 8 with answers explanation LawMint CLAT PG Mock Test Series