Indian Penal Code 20a Cruelty by Husband or Husbands Relatives

A 'Bare act' is the actual legislation passed by the Parliament of India. Generally, an act sets out the high level legal and policy principles applicable to the subject matter of the law.

Most acts are accompanied by 'subsidiary legislation' such as rules, regulations, notifications and orders; which address the actual implementation detail of the act.

Indian Penal Code, 1860

Chapter – IPC 01 Introduction
Chapter – IPC 02 General Explanations
Chapter – IPC 03 Of Punishments
Chapter – IPC 04 General Exceptions
Chapter – IPC 05 Abetment
Chapter – IPC 05a Criminal Conspiracy
Chapter – IPC 06 Offences Against The State
Chapter – IPC 07 Offences Relating to the Armed Forces
Chapter – IPC 08 Offences Against Public Tranquillity
Chapter – IPC 09 Offences By or Relating to Public Servants
Chapter – IPC 09a Offences Relating to Elections
Chapter – IPC 10 Contempts of Authority of Public Servants
Chapter – IPC 11 False Evidence and Offences Against Public Justice
Chapter – IPC 12 Offences Relating to the Coin and Govt Stamps
Chapter – IPC 13 Offences Relating to Weights and Measures
Chapter – IPC 14 Offences Affecting Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency and Morals
Chapter – IPC 15 Offences Relating to Religion
Chapter – IPC 16 Offences Affecting the Human Body
Chapter – IPC 17 Offences Against Property
Chapter – IPC 18 Offences Relating to Documents and Property Marks
Chapter – IPC 19 Criminal Breach of Contracts of Service
Chapter – IPC 20 Offences Relating to Marriage
Chapter – IPC 20a Cruelty by Husband or Husbands Relatives
Chapter – IPC 21 Defamation
Chapter – IPC 22 Criminal Intimidation, Insult and Annoyance
Chapter – IPC 23 Attempts to Commit Offences

Chapter XXA – Of Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of husband

Section 498A – Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty

Whoever, being the husband or the relative of the husband of a woman, subjects such woman to cruelty shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine.


  1. For the purposes of this section, – cruelty – means:
    1. any wilful conduct which is of such a nature as is likely to drive the woman to commit suicide or to cause grave injury or danger to life, limb or health (whether mental or physical) of the woman; or
    2. harassment of the woman where such harassment is with a view to coercing her or any person related to her to meet any unlawful demand for any property or valuable security or is on account of failure by her or any person related to her to meet such demand.

Important Central Acts in Regional Languages

Legislative department website also features regional language versions of several important Central Acts.

Indian Penal Code Chapter 20a Cruelty by Husband or Husbands Relatives Bare Act