Indian Penal Code 20 Offences Relating to Marriage

A 'Bare act' is the actual legislation passed by the Parliament of India. Generally, an act sets out the high level legal and policy principles applicable to the subject matter of the law.

Most acts are accompanied by 'subsidiary legislation' such as rules, regulations, notifications and orders; which address the actual implementation detail of the act.

Indian Penal Code, 1860

Chapter – IPC 01 Introduction
Chapter – IPC 02 General Explanations
Chapter – IPC 03 Of Punishments
Chapter – IPC 04 General Exceptions
Chapter – IPC 05 Abetment
Chapter – IPC 05a Criminal Conspiracy
Chapter – IPC 06 Offences Against The State
Chapter – IPC 07 Offences Relating to the Armed Forces
Chapter – IPC 08 Offences Against Public Tranquillity
Chapter – IPC 09 Offences By or Relating to Public Servants
Chapter – IPC 09a Offences Relating to Elections
Chapter – IPC 10 Contempts of Authority of Public Servants
Chapter – IPC 11 False Evidence and Offences Against Public Justice
Chapter – IPC 12 Offences Relating to the Coin and Govt Stamps
Chapter – IPC 13 Offences Relating to Weights and Measures
Chapter – IPC 14 Offences Affecting Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency and Morals
Chapter – IPC 15 Offences Relating to Religion
Chapter – IPC 16 Offences Affecting the Human Body
Chapter – IPC 17 Offences Against Property
Chapter – IPC 18 Offences Relating to Documents and Property Marks
Chapter – IPC 19 Criminal Breach of Contracts of Service
Chapter – IPC 20 Offences Relating to Marriage
Chapter – IPC 20a Cruelty by Husband or Husbands Relatives
Chapter – IPC 21 Defamation
Chapter – IPC 22 Criminal Intimidation, Insult and Annoyance
Chapter – IPC 23 Attempts to Commit Offences

Chapter XX – Of Offences Relating to Marriage

Section 493 – Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage

Every man who by deceit causes any woman who is not lawfully married to him to believe that she is lawfully married to him and to cohabit or have sexual intercourse with him in that belief, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Section 494 – Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife

Whoever, having a husband or wife living, marries in any case in which such marriage is void by reason of its taking place during the life of such husband or wife, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Exceptions

  1. This section does not extend to any person whose marriage with such husband or wife has been declared void by a Court of competent jurisdiction, nor to any person who contracts a marriage during the life of a former husband or wife, if such husband or wife, at the time of the subsequent marriage, shall have been continually absent from such person for the space of seven years, and shall not have been heard of by such person as being alive within that time provided the person contracting such subsequent marriage shall, before such marriage takes place, inform the person with whom such marriage is contracted of the real state of facts so far as the same are within his or her knowledge.

Section 495 – Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted

Whoever commits the offence defined in the last preceding section having concealed from the person with whom the subsequent marriage is contracted, the fact of the former marriage, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Section 496 – Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage

Whoever, dishonestly or with a fraudulent intention, goes through the ceremony of being married, knowing that he is not thereby lawfully married, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

Section 497 – Adultery

Whoever has sexual intercourse with a person who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of another man, without the consent or connivance of that man, such sexual intercourse not amounting to the offence of rape, is guilty of the offence of adultery, and shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to five years, or with fine, or with both. In such case the wife shall not be punishable as an abettor.

Section 498 – Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman

Whoever takes or entices away any woman who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of any other man, from that man, or from any person having the care of her on behalf of that man, with intent that she may have illicit intercourse with any person, or conceals or detains with that intent any such woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.


Important Central Acts in Regional Languages

Legislative department website also features regional language versions of several important Central Acts.

Indian Penal Code Chapter 20 Offences Relating to Marriage Bare Act